Bhutanese people follow two major religions that are similar in many beliefs and faith. Northern India was the seat of both the religions from where it spread to other parts of Asia.
In Bhutan, the Northerners are mostly Buddhist while the Lhotshampas in the south follow the Hindu faith.
Both Hindu and Buddhist festivals are celebrated throughout the country and the festivals see many Buddhists and Hindus celebrating together.
Buddhism is the state religion in Bhutan. In ancient times, it was customary for every family to enroll one of their children in the monastic school.
With the advent of modern schools, the tradition has however lost its prevalence today.
Headed by the chief abbot, Je Khenpo, the monastic body in Bhutan looks after the spiritual aspect of the country. Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel founded the dual system of administration that includes civil and spiritual administration of the nation in the 17th century.
Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel has been the most influential highest Buddhist spiritual leader in Bhutan.
Today, every district has a dzong, forts built during the time of Zhabdrung. The dzong is the center of both spiritual and civil affairs..
The two religions have no history of conflict in the country and have peacefully co-existed with one another throughout time. Both Hindus and Buddhists believe in compassion, karma, reincarnation and rebirth.